Beijing has pushed out Shanghai as China's leading city for research and innovation, with the northeastern metro of Tianjin in third spot, according to Ministry of Science and Technology metrics. The rankings are compiled on factors such as R&D spend, productivity, the commercialisation of research findings, the local talent pool and number of patents registered.
The whole nation's innovation capability has improved remarkably over past five years," says Xu Jing, director of the ministry's Office of Innovation and Development. "The coastal provinces are taking more than half of China's overall innovation output, but the central and central-western provinces are catching up fast.”
But while Chinese innovation and patent outputs are on the up, the ministry finds that average wages for researchers in 24 out of the 3o-plus surveyed provinces are below the national average. In addition, funding from both governments and private enterprise started declining in 2017, and pollution remains an issue in more than a dozen provinces.
For that deeper dive:
India innovation surge could take it past China – CNBC
Chinese innovation can boost economic growth in Africa – South China Morning Post
Image: Steve Mullins