What's so green about AI?
Harnessing artificial intelligence to better support management of the environment could lead to productivity benefits, higher GDP and reduced carbon emissions. AI-infused clean distributed energy grids, precision agriculture, sustainable supply chains, environmental monitoring and enforcement, and enhanced weather and disaster prediction and response are some of the applications, according to a new report from PwC and Microsoft.
AI’s use across just four sectors - agriculture, transport, energy and water could contribute up to $5.2tn to the global economy in 2030, and reduce worldwide greenhouse gas emissions by 4%. The technology AI could also create 38.2m net new jobs across the economy, offering more technology-based occupations.
There are encouraging signs for AI’s potential to improve health. More accurate and localised early warning systems for air pollution, for example, could save an estimated $2.4bn globally in reduced healthcare costs and health impacts.
However, The report warns that AI could also exacerbate existing threats, with broader risks linked to bias, security and control all potential risks to the environment.